About Ukraine
Official language: Ukrainian
Capital: Kyiv
Independence: August, 24, 1991
Location: Central-Eastern Europe, part of the East-European plain, between 44''20' and 52''20' N and 22''5' and 41''15'E.
Area: 603 700 km2
Climate: moderately continental, except for Southern Crimea, where the climate is subtropical, of the Mediterranean type. The Carpathian climate is also mild, with warm winter and rainy summer.
Average winter temperature is from -8° to -12° C (from +17.6° F to +3° F). In the Southern regions average winter temperature is 0° C (+32° F).
Average summer temperature is from +18° to +25° C (from +64.4° F to +77° F), although maximum temperature can be more than +35° C (+95° F).
Best time to visit Ukraine: summer, late spring and early autumn.
Population: 47 732 079 (25th in the world, population density – 80 p/km2)
Currency: hryvnia (letter code UAH, digital code 980)
Time zone: GMT+2 (UTC+2)


Ukraine's participation in international organizations


Ukraine is actively involved in all areas of UN activities , the most important of which is the maintenance of international peace and security and strengthening the rule of law in international relations , development of cooperation in solving problems of social , economic, humanitarian , human rights.

Ukraine attaches particular significance of the United Nations to maintain international peace and security, considering the participation in it as an important factor in its foreign policy. Since July 1992 Ukraine is an active contributor of troops to the operations and personnel of UN peacekeeping (PSO). As of March 2013 538 military Armed Forces and employees of the Ministry of Ukraine participate in 7-PSO UN in DRC, Cyprus, Kosovo, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Sudan and South Sudan. For this indicator, Ukraine ranks fifth among European countries.
 
Cooperation with UN disarmament focuses on strengthening international instruments and regimes in the field of arms control, nonproliferation , compliance regimes sanktsiynyh UN Security Council.

Based on the urgent need to develop effective measures by the international community to combat terrorism, Ukraine has joined the global anti-terrorist coalition, confirmed its readiness to make every effort to joint fight against international terrorism , especially in the UN framework.

Ukraine actively involved in the activities of the UN human rights field: twice (2006-2008 and 2008-2011. ) Was part of the newly established human rights body - the Council for Human Rights and actively participates in the work of the Council as an observer. In May 2008 and October 2012 in the framework of Ukraine successfully passed the Universal Periodic Review of the situation of human rights in the country, the results of which approved March 14, 2013 during the 22 th session of the Council.

Our state is a party to the major international treaties on human rights. As a party to these documents Ukraine regularly submit to the relevant treaty bodies national reports on the implementation of the obligations under these contracts. The recommendations submitted for consideration of reports of Ukraine , handled the relevant national authorities to determine the measures to implement them.

Ukraine is a party to most universal international treaties, the depositary of which is the UN Secretary General.

During the UN membership Ukraine three elected non-permanent member of the Security Council (1948-1949 , 1984-1985 , 2000-2001 .), Six times - a member of the Economic and Social Council (most recently for the period 2010-2012. ).

Ukraine 's candidacy nominated for election to non-permanent member of the Security Council for the period 2016-2017 years. ( During the UN membership Ukraine was elected three non-permanent member of the UN Security Council , 1948-1949 , 1984-1985 , 2000-2001 . ) To the UN Council on Human Rights for the period 2018-2020 years. ( Ukraine was twice elected member of the UN HRC 2006-2008, 2008-2011 .) of the Economic and Social Council of the UN for the period 2019-2021 years. ( Ukraine was the sixth time of the ECOSOC in 2010-2012. ).

In 2013, Ukraine is a member of these governing bodies of the United Nations and specialized agencies of the United Nations: United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL) (2010-2014.), The Commission on Social Development (2012-2015). Commission on Narcotic Drugs ( 2012-2015.), the Committee contributions (2013-2015 gg.), the Executive Board of the UN on gender equality and the empowerment of women, "UN-Women" (2011-2013 gg.), the Committee on Information (2013 -2014 gg.) of the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) (2010-2013.), Administrative Council and Postal Operations Council of the Universal Postal Union (2013-2016.) Program and Budget Committee of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO ). Permanent Representative of Ukraine to the United Nations elected Chairman of the Sixth Committee (Legal issues) 67th session of the UN ( 2012-2013 .), Ukraine Vice- Presidency of the Assembly of the International Maritime Organization , the representative of our country is part of the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (2011 -2021 gg.).
 
Representatives of Ukraine also belonged to the governing bodies of the United Nations Development Programme and the UN Fund of Population ( Executive Board of UNDP / UNFPA / UNOPS ), United Nations Children's Fund ( UNICEF Executive Board ), the World Tourism Organization ( UNWTO Executive Council ) , the United Nations educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization ( UNESCO Executive Board ), Food and Agriculture Organization ( FAO Council ), UN World Food Programme ( WFP Executive Board )...